Organic cotton is grown using methods and materials that have a low impact on the environment. Organic production systems replenish and maintain soil fertility, reduce the use of toxic and persistent pesticides and fertilizers, and build biologically diverse agriculture. Third party certification organizations verify that organic producers use only methods and materials allowed in organic production. Organic cotton is grown without the use of toxic and persistent pesticides and synthetic fertilizers. In addition, federal regulations prohibit the use of genetically engineered seed for organic farming.
Modal is extracted from beech wood. Modal Fiber is very soft, shiny in nature and silk feel than mercerized cotton with the ability to absorb up to 50% more water than cotton.
Tencel is a fabric made from wood cellulose. It’s made of regenerated fibers, which means it’s made by dissolving the cellulose fibers of a plant with chemicals, then making them into more easily woven fibers again. Bamboo fabric is created similarly. Tencel is particularly sustainable and one of the most environmentally friendly materials. The production uses recyclable and non-toxic solvents, the raw products are generally considered sustainable, and Tencel itself is naturally biodegradable. Many people favor it as a fabric choice for this reason. It can also be blended with other fibers, like wool or cotton.
Wool is a natural fibre produced by sheep. Sheep grow wool on their bodies in the same way people grow hair. As wool grows out from the sheep’s skin, it forms groups of wavy fibres called staples. This natural crimp (wave) gives wool its elasticity (springiness). Shearers remove the wool from sheep using specially–designed handpieces, which are like the hair clippers hairdressers use to cut our hair. This is called shearing. Sheep can be shorn each year and their wool keeps growing back, just like our hair grows between haircuts. After shearing, wool is processed and made into lots of products we use every day textiles, clothing and furnishings.
Unlike polyester, recycled polyester uses PET as the raw material. This is the same material that is used in clear plastic water bottles, and recycling it to create the fabric prevents it from going to landfill. The steps involved in the production process are as follows.
- The collected PET bottles are sterilized, dried and crushed into small chips.
- The chips are heated and passed through a spinneret to form strings of yarn.
- This yard is wound up in spools.
- The fibre is then passed through a crimping machine to create a fluffy wooly texture.
- This yarn is then baled, dyed and knitted into polyester fabric.
Recycled cotton can be generally defined as converting cotton fabric into cotton fiber that can be reused in textile products. Recycled cotton is also commonly referred to as regenerated cotton, reclaimed cotton or shoddy. Recycled content includes recycled raw material, as well as used, reconditioned, and re-manufactured components. Textile recycling is generated from two primary sources:
- Pre-consumer: includes scraps created by yarn and fabric by-products
- Post-consumer: includes garments, upholstery, towels, household items to be repurposed
Linen fiber is plant fiber collected from the phloem (the “inner bark”) or bast surrounding the stem of certain, mainly dicotyledons, plants. They support the conductive cells of the phloem and provide strength to the stem. Hemp fiber contains the phenolic substance, so it has anti-moldy and bacteriostatic properties.